For over thirty years, Korb & Associates has played a major role in dry eye research, leading to an understanding of the cause of dry eyes, diagnosis and methods of treatment. The research began in the 1980’s with collaboration with Dr. Antonio Henriquez of Barcelona, Spain, resulting in a publication, Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD), a term now used throughout the world and the subject of thousands of scientific articles. The meibomian glands are located in the eyelids and secrete an oily substance called lipid through openings along the lid margins. This lipid material provides the outermost layer of the tear film, giving it good quality and preventing the tear layer from evaporating quickly. Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) occurs when there is a blockage of the opening of the glands, preventing the secretion of the lipids. In addition to creating the symptoms of dry eye, MGD may also result in inflammation and chronic infections. The Tear Film and Ocular Surface Society, a prestigious international organization whose mission is devoted to advancing research and a better understanding of the tear film and dry eye, reported in 2008 that MGD, as originally described and named by Korb & Henriquez, is the most common form of dry eye. While there are many causes for dry eye, MGD which is the cause of the evaporative dry eye, is found in 86% of all dry eye patients.
Treatment regimes for dry eye are based on thorough diagnostic workups, frequently requiring multiple exams of several hours’ duration which may be needed to understand the nature and complexity of the condition. Treatments are varied and may include conventional methods and medications or custom procedures developed by our group.
If you have been unable to obtain relief from either over-the-counter or prescription remedies you have tried, it may be because they have not targeted the primary cause of your condition. To determine the cause, you should consider having an initial dry eye evaluation at our office. When calling for an appointment, please identify the symptoms you are having and state that you would like to be seen for an initial dry eye evaluation. Diagnostic visits may or may not be partially or completely covered by insurance plans. Patients with dry eye will receive the advantage of our 30 years of specialization in this area and the developments resulting from our extensive research programs.